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www.texaschl.us is a great site for answers to your chl certification questions. www.texaschl.us reviews the requirements and restrictions of Concealed Handgun License including Concealed handgun laws, firearm safety, self defense and alternatives to using force.

Texas CHL - Glossary of Terms

  1. ACP
  2. Action
  3. Amusement Park
  4. Backstrap
  5. Barrel
  6. Bore
  7. Bullet
  8. Caliber
  9. Cartridge
  10. Case
  11. Center-fire
  12. Chamber
  13. Child
  14. Class I Malfunction
  15. Class II Malfunction
  16. Class III Malfunction
  17. Concealed
  18. Concealment
  19. Cover
  20. Cylinder
  21. Deadly Force
  22. Double-action
  23. Double-action-only
  24. Dry Firing
  25. Dummy Round
  26. Ejector
  27. Firearm
  28. Grooves
  29. Hammer
  30. Hammerless
  31. Handgun
  32. Hangfire
  33. Live Round
  34. Machine Gun
  35. Magazine
  36. Magazine Release
  37. Misfire
  38. Muzzle
  39. Parabellum
  40. Patridge Sight
  41. Pistol
  42. Plinking
  43. Plus P (+P)
  44. Plus P Plus (+P+)
  45. Powder Charge
  46. Premises
  47. Primer
  48. Readily Dischargeable Firearm
  49. Revolver
  50. Rifling
  51. Rimfire
  52. Round
  53. Sabot
  54. Semi-automatic
  55. Short-Barrel Firearm
  56. Single-action
  57. Sights
  58. Slide
  59. Squib Load
  1. ACP

    An abbreviation for Automatic Colt Pistol. Used in conjunction with caliber designations. Example: a .45 ACP cartidge.
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  2. Action

    A series of moving parts that allow a firearm to be loaded, fired, and unloaded.
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  3. Amusement Park

    A permanent indoor or outdoor facility or park where amusement rides are available for use by the public that is located:
    1)in a county with a population of more than one million

    2)encompasses at least 75 acres in surface area

    3)is enclosed with access only through controlled entries

    4)is open for operation more than 120 days in each calendar year

    5)and has security guards on the premises at all times.

    The term does not include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area.

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  4. Backstrap

    The rear, vertical portion of the pistol frame that lies between the grip panels.
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  5. Barrel

    The metal tube through which a bullet passes on it's way to a target.
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  6. Bore

    The inside of the barrel of a firearm.
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  7. Bullet

    A projectile,usually made of lead and sometimes covered with a layer of copper or other metal, and is located at the mouth of the case.
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  8. Caliber

    The diameter of a projectile or the distance between the lands in the bore of a firearm.
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  9. Cartridge

    A complete single unit of ammunition including the projectile (bullet), case, primer, and powder charge.
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  10. Case

    A metal cylinder (usually made of brass) that is closed at one end and contains the other three components of a cartridge.
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  11. Center-fire

    A type of cartridge which has the primer centrally located in the base of the cartridge.
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  12. Chamber

    The part of a firearm in which a cartridge is contained at the instant of firing.
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  13. Child

    As it pertains to making firearms accessible to a child; a person younger than 17 years of age.
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  14. Class I Malfunction

    Failure to Feed
    ::CAUSE:: Not seating the magazine hard enough when loading the weapon; also not doing a press check to make sure you had a loaded chamber. OR you shot your weapon dry and the slide did not lock to the rear.
    ::FIX:: Tap, Rack or Reload, Rack
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  15. Class II Malfunction

    Stove Pipe
    ::CAUSE:: Limp wristing or bad extractor (it is more likely to be caused by a limp wrist than anything else)
    ::FIX:: Rack the slide with sweeping action over the ejector port from front to rear to clear the spent cartridge.
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  16. Class III Malfunction

    Double Feed
    ::CAUSE:: When you racked the slide (to fix 1 or 2) you didn't rack it all the way to the rear, as a result the first casing did not fully extract. Could be a bad ammo issue as well such as a squib or pip round but that is on the very low end of the percentages.
    ::FIX:: “Unload, Clear, Reload.”
    -First, press up on the slide release / slide-stop lever and lock the slide to the rear (on most of my semi-auto’s this step may be skipped).
    -Second, press the magazine release and strip the magazine from the weapon (remember, it will most likely not drop free on its own with this malfunction).
    -Third, rack the slide 3 times to clear it of all ammo.
    -Fourth, insert a new loaded magazine.
    -Fifth, rack the slide to chamber a round.
    -Sixth, access your target and fire if necessary.
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  17. Concealed

    Concealed means that the weapon cannot be visible, and that its presence cannot be discernible through ordinary observation. It is a criminal offense for a license holder to carry a handgun in plain view, or to intentionally fail to conceal the weapon.
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  18. Concealment

    Anything that will hide all or part of your body from observation, but will not protect you from incoming fire.
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  19. Cover

    Anything that will protect all or part of your body from incoming fire.
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  20. Cylinder

    The part of a revolver that holds ammunition in individual chambers that are rotated into firing position by the action of the trigger or hammer.
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  21. Deadly Force

    Force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in the manner of it's use or intended use is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.
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  22. Double-action

    In a revolver, the trigger will both cock and release the hammer or internal firing mechanism. In a semi-automatic, the trigger will both cock and release the hammer on the initial shot. All successive shots are in effect "single-action" since the slide them cocks the hammer and the trigger is then only used to release it.
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  23. Double-action-only

    In a semi-automatic, the trigger will cock and release the hammer or internal firing mechanism on the first and all successive shots.
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  24. Dry Firing

    The shooting of an unloaded gun.
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  25. Dummy Round

    A cartridge containing a bullet, but does not contain a primer or a powder charge, and therefore cannot be fired. Dummy Rounds are typically used for practice and training of firearm mechanisms and functions.
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  26. Ejector

    The part of a firearm which ejects an empty cartridge case or a cartridge from the gun.
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  27. Firearm

    Texas state law PC 46.01(3) defines a "firearm" as any device designed, made or adapted to expel a projectile through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance or any device readily convertible to that use. "Firearm" does not include a firearm that may have as an integral part a folding knife blade or other characteristics of weapons made illegal by this chapter and that is: (A)an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899, or (B)a replica of an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899, but only if the replica does not use rim-fire or center-fire ammunition.
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  28. Grooves

    The shallow, spiral cuts in a bore that together with the lands make up the rifling in the bore of a barrel.
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  29. Hammer

    The part of a firearm that pivots on an axis at the rear of the frame, and, when activated by the trigger, causes the firing pin to strike a cartridge.
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  30. Hammerless

    This refers to pistol models which do not have a visible hammer, even though a hammer may actually be part of an internal firing mechanism.
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  31. Handgun

    Texas state law PC 46.01(5) defines a "handgun" as any firearm that is designed, made or adapted to be fired with one hand.
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  32. Hangfire

    A perceptible delay in the ignition of a cartridge after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.
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  33. Live Round

    A cartridge containing all four components (case, primer, powder charge & bullet) and is fully functional and ready to be fired.
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  34. Machine Gun

    Any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.
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  35. Magazine

    A storage device designed to hold cartridges ready for insertion into the chamber.
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  36. Magazine Release

    A button, lever, or switch that releases the magazine so that is can removed from the firearm.
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  37. Misfire

    A failure of a cartridge to fire after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.
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  38. Muzzle

    The front end of a barrel from which a projectile exits.
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  39. Parabellum

    Taken from Latin, this term translates as "prepare for war." During World War I, the Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabrik (DWM) used this term for its Luger pistol and a machine gun. Parabellum is used today as a synonym for Luger to identify 7.65mm and 9mm Luger ammunition.
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  40. Patridge Sight

    A type of sight designed by the E.E. Patridge in the late 1800s, generally used on handguns. It has a rear sight with a square notch, and a front sight consisting of a thick blade that is flat on top
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  41. Pistol

    A gun that has a short barrel and can be held, aimed, and fired with one hand. Texas state law PC 46.01(5) defines a "handgun" as any firearm that is designed, made or adapted to be fired with one hand.
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  42. Plinking

    Informal shooting at a variety of targets.
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  43. Plus P (+P)

    Cartridges which are loaded to higher pressures than standard ammunition.
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  44. Plus P Plus (+P+)

    Cartridges which are loaded to higher pressures than +P ammunition.
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  45. Powder Charge

    A fast burning chemical compound used as a propellant, and is contained inside the body of the case.
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  46. Premises

    A building or a portion of a building. The term does not include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area.
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  47. Primer

    An impact sensitive chemical compound used for ignition of the powder charge in the case. In a rimfire cartridge, the primer is contained in the inside rim of the case's base. In a center-fire cartridge, the primer is contained in a small metal cup, and is located in the center of the case's base.
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  48. Readily Dischargeable Firearm

    A firearm that is loaded with ammunition, whether or not a round is in the chamber. A firearm with a loaded magazine in the weapon is considered loaded.
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  49. Revolver

    A pistol that has a rotating cylinder containing a number of firing chambers. The action of the trigger or hammer will line up a chamber with the barrel and firing pin.
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  50. Rifling

    Spiral lands and grooves in the barrel bore that provide a stabilizing spin to a bullet so that it will be more accurate in flight.
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  51. Rimfire

    A cartridge which has the chemical compound of the primer located inside the rim of the case.
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  52. Round

    Another term for a cartridge.
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  53. Sabot

    A pistol bullet design for hunting encased in a plastic cup used in shotguns with specially designed rifled barrels. Shotguns firing these sabot rounds are capable of acceptable groups out to 150 yards or more.
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  54. Semi-automatic

    A pistol that fires a single cartridge each time the trigger is pulled, and which automatically extracts and ejects the empty case and inserts a new cartridge into the chamber.
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  55. Short-Barrel Firearm

    A rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle if, as altered, it has an overall length of less than 26 inches.
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  56. Single-action

    A type of pistol action in which pulling the trigger will release the hammer.
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  57. Sights

    Mechanical, optical, or electronic devices used to aim a firearm.
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  58. Slide

    All semi-automatics have a slide. On some models, the slide rides in rails or grooves on top of the frame and fits around the barrel, while on other models it is located at the rear of the barrel. In most semi-automatics, the first cartridge must always be manually cycled into the firing chamber by retracting the slide and then releasing it. As the slide returns to the closed position, it pushes a new cartridge from the top of the magazine and feeds it into the chamber.
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  59. Squib Load

    A cartridge which develops less than normal pressure or velocity after ignition of the cartridge.
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