Texas CHL - Glossary of Terms
An abbreviation for Automatic Colt Pistol. Used in conjunction with caliber designations. Example: a .45 ACP cartidge.- top -
A series of moving parts that allow a firearm to be loaded, fired, and unloaded.- top -
A permanent indoor or outdoor facility or park where amusement rides are available for use by the public that is located:- top -
1)in a county with a population of more than one million
2)encompasses at least 75 acres in surface area
3)is enclosed with access only through controlled entries
4)is open for operation more than 120 days in each calendar year
5)and has security guards on the premises at all times.
The term does not include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area.
The rear, vertical portion of the pistol frame that lies between the grip panels.- top -
The metal tube through which a bullet passes on it's way to a target.- top -
The inside of the barrel of a firearm.- top -
A projectile,usually made of lead and sometimes covered with a layer of copper or other metal, and is located at the mouth of the case.- top -
The diameter of a projectile or the distance between the lands in the bore of a firearm.- top -
A complete single unit of ammunition including the projectile (bullet), case, primer, and powder charge.- top -
A metal cylinder (usually made of brass) that is closed at one end and contains the other three components of a cartridge.- top -
A type of cartridge which has the primer centrally located in the base of the cartridge.- top -
The part of a firearm in which a cartridge is contained at the instant of firing.- top -
As it pertains to making firearms accessible to a child; a person younger than 17 years of age.- top -
Class I Malfunction
Failure to Feed- top -
::CAUSE:: Not seating the magazine hard enough when loading the weapon; also not doing a press check to make sure you had a loaded chamber. OR you shot your weapon dry and the slide did not lock to the rear.
::FIX:: Tap, Rack or Reload, Rack
Class II Malfunction
Stove Pipe- top -
::CAUSE:: Limp wristing or bad extractor (it is more likely to be caused by a limp wrist than anything else)
::FIX:: Rack the slide with sweeping action over the ejector port from front to rear to clear the spent cartridge.
Class III Malfunction
Double Feed- top -
::CAUSE:: When you racked the slide (to fix 1 or 2) you didn't rack it all the way to the rear, as a result the first casing did not fully extract. Could be a bad ammo issue as well such as a squib or pip round but that is on the very low end of the percentages.
::FIX:: “Unload, Clear, Reload.”
-First, press up on the slide release / slide-stop lever and lock the slide to the rear (on most of my semi-auto’s this step may be skipped).
-Second, press the magazine release and strip the magazine from the weapon (remember, it will most likely not drop free on its own with this malfunction).
-Third, rack the slide 3 times to clear it of all ammo.
-Fourth, insert a new loaded magazine.
-Fifth, rack the slide to chamber a round.
-Sixth, access your target and fire if necessary.
Concealed means that the weapon cannot be visible, and that its presence cannot be discernible through ordinary observation. It is a criminal offense for a license holder to carry a handgun in plain view, or to intentionally fail to conceal the weapon.- top -
Anything that will hide all or part of your body from observation, but will not protect you from incoming fire.- top -
Anything that will protect all or part of your body from incoming fire.- top -
The part of a revolver that holds ammunition in individual chambers that are rotated into firing position by the action of the trigger or hammer.- top -
Force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in the manner of it's use or intended use is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.- top -
In a revolver, the trigger will both cock and release the hammer or internal firing mechanism. In a semi-automatic, the trigger will both cock and release the hammer on the initial shot. All successive shots are in effect "single-action" since the slide them cocks the hammer and the trigger is then only used to release it.- top -
In a semi-automatic, the trigger will cock and release the hammer or internal firing mechanism on the first and all successive shots.- top -
The shooting of an unloaded gun.- top -
A cartridge containing a bullet, but does not contain a primer or a powder charge, and therefore cannot be fired. Dummy Rounds are typically used for practice and training of firearm mechanisms and functions.- top -
The part of a firearm which ejects an empty cartridge case or a cartridge from the gun.- top -
Texas state law PC 46.01(3) defines a "firearm" as any device designed, made or adapted to expel a projectile through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance or any device readily convertible to that use. "Firearm" does not include a firearm that may have as an integral part a folding knife blade or other characteristics of weapons made illegal by this chapter and that is: (A)an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899, or (B)a replica of an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899, but only if the replica does not use rim-fire or center-fire ammunition.- top -
The shallow, spiral cuts in a bore that together with the lands make up the rifling in the bore of a barrel.- top -
The part of a firearm that pivots on an axis at the rear of the frame, and, when activated by the trigger, causes the firing pin to strike a cartridge.- top -
This refers to pistol models which do not have a visible hammer, even though a hammer may actually be part of an internal firing mechanism.- top -
Texas state law PC 46.01(5) defines a "handgun" as any firearm that is designed, made or adapted to be fired with one hand.- top -
A perceptible delay in the ignition of a cartridge after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.- top -
A cartridge containing all four components (case, primer, powder charge & bullet) and is fully functional and ready to be fired.- top -
Any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.- top -
A storage device designed to hold cartridges ready for insertion into the chamber.- top -
A button, lever, or switch that releases the magazine so that is can removed from the firearm.- top -
A failure of a cartridge to fire after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.- top -
The front end of a barrel from which a projectile exits.- top -
Taken from Latin, this term translates as "prepare for war." During World War I, the Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabrik (DWM) used this term for its Luger pistol and a machine gun. Parabellum is used today as a synonym for Luger to identify 7.65mm and 9mm Luger ammunition.- top -
A type of sight designed by the E.E. Patridge in the late 1800s, generally used on handguns. It has a rear sight with a square notch, and a front sight consisting of a thick blade that is flat on top- top -
A gun that has a short barrel and can be held, aimed, and fired with one hand. Texas state law PC 46.01(5) defines a "handgun" as any firearm that is designed, made or adapted to be fired with one hand.- top -
Informal shooting at a variety of targets.- top -
Plus P (+P)
Cartridges which are loaded to higher pressures than standard ammunition.- top -
Plus P Plus (+P+)
Cartridges which are loaded to higher pressures than +P ammunition.- top -
A fast burning chemical compound used as a propellant, and is contained inside the body of the case.- top -
A building or a portion of a building. The term does not include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area.- top -
An impact sensitive chemical compound used for ignition of the powder charge in the case. In a rimfire cartridge, the primer is contained in the inside rim of the case's base. In a center-fire cartridge, the primer is contained in a small metal cup, and is located in the center of the case's base.- top -
Readily Dischargeable Firearm
A firearm that is loaded with ammunition, whether or not a round is in the chamber. A firearm with a loaded magazine in the weapon is considered loaded.- top -
A pistol that has a rotating cylinder containing a number of firing chambers. The action of the trigger or hammer will line up a chamber with the barrel and firing pin.- top -
Spiral lands and grooves in the barrel bore that provide a stabilizing spin to a bullet so that it will be more accurate in flight.- top -
A cartridge which has the chemical compound of the primer located inside the rim of the case.- top -
Another term for a cartridge.- top -
A pistol bullet design for hunting encased in a plastic cup used in shotguns with specially designed rifled barrels. Shotguns firing these sabot rounds are capable of acceptable groups out to 150 yards or more.- top -
A pistol that fires a single cartridge each time the trigger is pulled, and which automatically extracts and ejects the empty case and inserts a new cartridge into the chamber.- top -
A rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle if, as altered, it has an overall length of less than 26 inches.- top -
A type of pistol action in which pulling the trigger will release the hammer.- top -
Mechanical, optical, or electronic devices used to aim a firearm.- top -
All semi-automatics have a slide. On some models, the slide rides in rails or grooves on top of the frame and fits around the barrel, while on other models it is located at the rear of the barrel. In most semi-automatics, the first cartridge must always be manually cycled into the firing chamber by retracting the slide and then releasing it. As the slide returns to the closed position, it pushes a new cartridge from the top of the magazine and feeds it into the chamber.- top -
A cartridge which develops less than normal pressure or velocity after ignition of the cartridge.- top -